Hello Dosto. Aaj Baat Karengey NATO ke baare main bahut jagha humne yeh word suna hoga news channels per news paper main toh jaane ke aakhir NATO hai kya and jaanegey what is the purpose of NATO and Why its made and how many members NATO have.

Toh sab se pehley hum NATO ke related kuch Basic information jaan letey hai.

NATO ka Full Form hai "North Atlantic Treaty Organisation" aur isko French main "OTAN" kehtey hai matlab NATO ka ulta.

NATO ek Intergovernmental military alliance hai matlab jo country NATO ki member hai unke bich ek military sanghatan hai Intergovernmental level main.

NATO ka Headquarter hai Brussels, Belgium main.

NATO main abhi total 28 country hai aur agar newest country ki baat karey jo member bane hai NATO ke toh 2009 main Albania and Croatia NATO ke member baney they.

What is NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organisation - Definition, Purpose in Hindi


NATO Definition:

Toh NATO ek international organization hai European countries ka jis main woh dusri member countries ko support kartey hai agar kisi bhi member country per attack hota hai toh.

Treaty of Brussels

1945 main jab World War 2 khatam hua toh 1948 main UK, Netherlands, Belgium, France and Luxembourg inn 5 desho ne milker Treaty of Brussels sign ki jiska maqsad tha ki ek Intergovernmental military alliance banaya jaaye taak jo attacks huey they World War ke darmiyan toh un attacks ka milkar muqabla kiya jaa sake.

Aur yeh ek Anti-Communist Pack hai Communist aur Capitalism yeh dono bilkul opposite cheeze hai Capitalism matlab woh jaha private participation zyaada rahega aur Communist matalb har ek cheez per government ka control hoga. Iss per main poora alag se lecture laaunga so don't worry about that.

Ab 1949 main ek aur Treaty sign ki gayi woh Treaty thi "The North Atlantic Treaty"  iss Treaty main woh 5 desho ke alaava aur kuch deso ne Join kiya jis main they US, Canada, Italy, Portugal, Denmark, Norway and Iceland.

Former Soviet Countries in NATO:

Soviet Countries matlab USSR toh jab USSR toot gaya toh Estonia, Lativa, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia, Croatia, Albania, Slovenia inn sari countries member bani NATO ki.

What is the Purpose of NATO

1 - Safeguard Freedom and Security of Members 

Matlab jo countries bhi NATO ki member hai unki security aur freedom ko kaise Safeguard kiya jaaye.

2 -  Maintenance of International Peace and Security

Kya hua tha ki World War 2 waqt kaafi saare desh is War ka hissa banna chaatey they jiske wajah se bahut zyaada jaanmaal ko nuksaan hua tha toh ab future main aisa kuch na ho toh ussko kaise maintain kiya jaaye usko kaise roka jaaye aur International peace kaise maintain kiya jaaye.

3 - Collective Defence, Crisis Management and Cooperative Security

Iska matlab hota hai ki milkar yudh ka koi samadhan nikalna aur koi bhi musibat aati hai ya yudh hota hai toh usko kaise manage kiya jaaye.

4 - Reform, Modernisation and Transformation 

Yeh Militray ke liye hai ki kaise military main reformation laaya jaaye usko kaise modernize kiya jaaye.

NATO Objectives

1 - Political and Military Alliance

Yeh NATO ka obejctive hai ki kaise Democratic value ko humesha uper rakha jaaye aur is tahra se kaise ek confidence build kiya jaaye taaki koi conflict na ho, aur koi vivaad ko peaceful tarike se kaise solve karey woh bhi military ke hastakshep bina.

2 - Collective Defense

NATO main ek principle folllow kiya jaata hai Attack against 1 = Attack against all ab iska matlab kya hai? Dekhieyh samaj lijye agar koi country NATO ki member nahi hai aur woh koi aise country per attack kar deti hai jo NATO ki member hai toh NATO ki jitni bhi countries hai woh saari countries mil kar uss ek country per attack karegi.


3 - Trans Atlantic Link

Europe and North American ke jo relation hai usse kaise military aur defense main bhi kaise mazboot kiya jaaye, aur iss Trans Atlantic Link main agar ek se zyaad desho per koi musibat aa jaati  hai toh usse kaise manage kiya jaaye


4 - 2010 Strategic Concept

Dekhieyh peheley ke jo terrorist attack hotey they woh physical tarike se hotey they abhi bhi hotey hai lekin kam hotey hai, lekin abhi ek naya tarike ka terrorism aa gaya hai jisse kehtey Cyber Crime ya phir Cyber Terrorism aur abhi har desh ki government yeh soch rahi hai ki har cheez ko                e-government kar diya jaaye, toh is wajah se agar koi cyber terrorism hota hai toh iska effcet bahut bada ho sakta hai. Toh iss wajah se 2010 main ek maang ki gayi aur woh maang thi "Evolving Security Environment for Members"


Structure of NATO


What is NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organisation - Definition, Purpose in Hindi

Toh jaise aap image main dekh rahe hai jo Member countries ka council hai waha se hi do alag alag groups bantey hai "NATO Delegations and Military Representatives" yeh jo do group bane iski security karta hai "Security General"

NATO Delegation ke ander do group hai ek hai "Nuclear Planning Group" and North Atlantic Council" NATO delegation ka group sirf Military area ko chor ker har area ko dekhta hai.

Military Representative ke ander "Military Committee" hai iske ander bhi do group hai ek hai "Allied Command Operation" and Allied Command Transformation"

NATO Activity

Decisions and Consultations:

Agar koi problem hota hai toh desh aapas main milkar consultation kartey hai baatcheet kartey hai phir jab saare members us decision ki haami bhartey hai toh usko approve kiya jaata hai.

Operation and Missions

Agar koi military ko lekar decision liya jaata hai toh jo bhi Military ke jo bhi operations honegy usse manzoori de di jaati hai aur NATO ka military wing hai woh iski dekh rekh karta hai.

Partnerships

Agar koi bhi operation ya decision lena hai saare desh aapas main milkar bethtey hai aur Partnership ke tahet hi kaam hota hai

Means to Respond Threat

Matlab aaj kqal kaafi naye naye tarike ke threats aa rahe hai usse kaise respond kiya jaaye, jaise pehley maine aapko bataya ki Cyber Crime aaj kal bahut bhad gaya hai toh usko kaise handle kiya jaaye toh usko bhi NATO dekhta hai.

Warsaw Pact

1955 main USSR ne Warsaw Pact banaya jo ki ek rival mana jaata hai NATO ka aur iska short form main WarPact bhi bola jaata hai aur iska poora naam hai (Warsaw Treaty Organization of Friendship Cooperation, and Mutual Assistance)

Ab iske ander jo members they woh they Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania and USSR.

1968 main Albania withdraw kar liya aur 2009 main NATO ko join kar liya tha.

1990 main Poland  aur East Germany ne bhi withdraw kar liya. Aur 1991 main Warsaw Pact ko dissolved kar diya gaya.

Comparison between NATO and WarPact

What is NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organisation - Definition, Purpose in Hindi


Jaise aap image main dekh saktey hai ki dono organization outside defense ke liye bani thi outside defense matlab indirect yeh dono hi ek dusre per point kar rahe they.

NATO USA ka main diplomatic tool tha jisse woh poori duniya per apni dhaak jamaaye rakhna chaata tha, aur USSR ka tool tah Wasaw Pact

Aur NATO jo hai defensive force tha woh tha against aggression, lekin Warsaw pact aggressive the against NATO members. for Example west Germany jo NATO ka member tha aur east germany Warsaw Pact ka member tha aur East Germany aur West Germany ki border ko USSR ne heavy militralise kar ke rakkha tha.

NATO western Europe ki country ko mila kar bana tha aur Wersaw Pact Eastern Europe ko milkar bana tha.

Toh yeh tha aaj kal NATO per Article agar accha laga ho toh share zaroor kar dijyega.

Thankyou.