Aaj hum baat karengey Slavery ke baare main bahut hi kaala itihaas raha hai slavery ko lekar United States main aur Slavery United States main 150-200 saal tak rahi.

Lekin aaj hum baat karengey United States ke 1st President George Washington aur unke slaves ke baare main.



George Washington apne slaves ke saath bahut bura bartaav kartey they lekin phir bhi apne antim dino main unhe laga ki yeh slavery khatam honi chiayeh toh iske liye unhone ek bada kadam uthaaya aur apni antim dino main unhone apne saare slaves ko azaad kar diya.

Toh post bahut interesting hone waala hai toh please isse poora padhyega.

George Washington ek active slave holder they aur woh 56 saal tak slave holder rahe lekin in sab ke baawajud 1799 main unhone ek bold step liya aur unhone apne saare slaves ko aazad kar diya.

Lekin jab yeh young they jab naye naye slaves inhone kharide they tab woh chaatey they ke unke slaves subha se raat aur poorey haftey sirf kaam hi katey rahe aur poorey saal inko bus kaam hi karwaao yeh maana tha inka.

Uss waqt slaves do types ke hotey they Domestic aur Field

Field slaves jo they inki bahut buri haalat thi saal main sirf ek baar inhe kapdey diya jaate they aur jaldi phat jaatey they choti si cabin inko di jaati thi jis main unhe rehna hota tha, khaana bhi accha nahi milta tha toh field slaves ko buri haalat thi.

Domestic slaves jisse House slaves bhi kaha jaata hai, inki haalat Field slaves se kaafi acchi thi in slaves ko accha khaana diya jaata tha Field slaves ke muqaable, aur yeh apne khud ke vegetables bhi ugha saktey they. Yaha tak ki inke paas kuch sources of income bhi they, aur yeh apni khud ki community bhi bana saktey they toh overall dekha jaaye toh Field slave ke muqaable Domestic slaves ki haalat acchi thi.

Ab aap kahengey ki in dono main itna farq kyoun hai dono hai toh slaves hi, dekhiyeh us waqt hota kya tha ki slaves ki boli lagti thi uski nilami hoti thi aur jis slave ki skin dark hai uski boli kam lagti thi aur use Field slave banaaya jaata tha. Jo Domestic slaves they unki skin thodi kam dark hoti thi aur is main zyaadatar aurtey rehti thi is wajah se inki boli zyaada lagti thi is liye inhe Domestic ya phir House slave banaaya jaata tha.

Mount Vernon yeh ek estate hai Fairfax County, Virginia main jo George Washington ne found kiya aur yeh poora agriculture area hai aur is poorey area ko salves ne hi banaaya tha.

Yeh 800 acre main pehla hua hai aur George Washington ke saare slaves yahi kaam kartey they yahi rehtey they inka jeena marna sab yahi tha.



Ab hum yaha 8 facts dekhngey George Washington ki slavery ko lekar

1 - 11 Saal Ki Umar Main Slave Owner Bane

Jab 1743 George Washington ke father Augustine ki death hui toh inko slave owner bana diya gaya. George Washington ke father ne unki vasihat main George Washington ke liye 280 acre ka family farm jo Fredericksburg, Virgina ke paas hai woh unke naam kar diya aur saath hi saath unhone inko 10 salves bhi diye.

Washington jab young ho gaye toh unhone aur 8 salves kahride aur 1755 main unhone kuch aur logo ko slave banaaya jis main 4 mard, 2 aurat aur ek baccha tha.

2 - Mount Vernon Main 317 Slaves aur Martha Washington se Shaadi

Jab George Washington marne ki kagaar per aa gaye they tab slaves ki sankhiya 317 ho gayi, kuch logo ka kehna hai ki isse bhi zyaada thi.

Aur yeh 317 slaves main se 123 slaves toh George Washington ne khud kharide they, aur bache 153 slaves unko ek gift ke taur per Custis estate ke dwaara diye gaye they.

Lekin yaha main aapko bata du ki yeh slaves Daniel Parke Custis jo ek politician they aur Custis estate ke founder they, inhone George Washington ko slaves nahi diye they.

Dekhiyeh George Washington ki wife Martha Washington ne do shaadiya kari thi aur George Washington inke dusre husband hai inke pehley husband they Daniel Parke Custis, toh jab Daniel marey tab unhone kisi bhi tahra ki vasihat nahi banaayi thi aur US ke us waqt ke law ke mutaabiq agar koi bhi shaqs agar will banaye bina mar jaata hai toh uski property ka one-third maalik uski wife ko bana diya jaata tha.

Toh Daniel Perke Custis ke marne ke baad Martha ne dusri shaadi George Washington ke saath kar li aur Martha ne George Washington ko 153 slaves as gift ke taur per diye.

3 - George Washington aur Martha ke Marriage se Slaves ki Sankhiya aur Bhad Gayi

January 1759 main Martha Dandridge Custis se shaadi karne ke baad George Washington ki slaveholding main kaafi izaafa hua. Martha Washington ke pehley husband kaafi ameer they aur kyoun ki kisi vasihat ke bina hi mar gaye iss wajah se Martha ko unki property main one-thid hissa mila. aur is liye inko kaafi paise miley aur saath hi saath kaafi slaves bhi aur inhi paise so ne inhone ne aur kuch slaves kharidey aur Mount Vernon main unko slaves bana diya.

Aapko yeh jaan ker heraani hogi 1754 mian Fairfax County ka population 6500 tha jis main se 1800 matlab 28% log toh African slaves they. Aur yeh sankihya bhadti gayi aur American Revolution se pehley pehley 28% se 40% ho gayi.

4 - Psychological Violence

Yeh baat toh poori duniya ko pata hai ki us waqt koi bhi apne slaves ke saath accha suluk nahi karta tha. George Washington bhi apne slaves ko maartey they unko torture kartey they aur yeh us waqt kaafi aam baat thi.



Aur jo bhi slave owners tha unko apne slaves ko control karne ke liye unko punishment deni padth thi. Agar aap yeh nahi kartey toh slaves slaves nahi rahega i mean after all woh ek slave hai toh usko ek slave ki nazar se hi dekha jaata tha.

Aur Field slaves ke saath saath Domestic slaves ko bhi punishment di jaati thi.

Lekin jaise jaise waqt bita George Washington ko laga agar humne inhe zyaada torture aur punishment kiya toh yeh humaare khilaaf ho jaayengey is liye inhone apne slaves ko aur kaam karnwaane ke liye motivate kiya aur kaha agar aap zyaada kaam karogey toh aapko inaam milega.

Lekin George Washington ki yeh trick ya method jo bhi keh lo fail ho gayi aur Mount Vernon ke slaves ko unke apraadh ki kadi se kadi saza milti rahi.

1793 main Anthony Whitting ker ke ek farm manager they inki ek slave thi Charlotte ab hua yeh ki Charlotte ne inka kaam karne se inkaar kar diya aur argument karne lagi Anthony se toh iske liye Charlotte ko 14 saal tha maar padhti rahi Hickory Switch se. Hickory Switch se slave ko maara jaata tha yeh ek tahra se chadi jaise hota tha aur yeh bahut zor se lagti thi.

5 - Slaves Religion aur Unki Pratha

Ab yeh jo religion ka part hai yeh Domestic slaves ke liye tha matlab woh apne tradition aur jis bhi dharm main woh maantey they unki woh puja kar saktey unke jo bhi festivals they woh celebrate kar saktey they, Christian dharmik sabhaao main bhi yeh yeh participate kar saktey they.

Jaise maine pehley kaha Domestic Slaves apni community bana saktey hai inko poori tahra se iski azzadi thi ab jaha bhi community hogi uska koi leader bhi hona chaiyeh toh inhe apni community main se leader chunne ki azaadi thi, lekin jo leader tha woh dharmik leader hota tha matlab yeh aapko religion ke related baatein batata tha, ek tahra se dharmguru.

6 - Azaadi ke Liye kai Baar Slaves ne Kiye Palaayan

Slaves ko jab bhi opportunity milti thi woh bhaagne ki koshish kartey they lekin zyaada tar woh naakam ho jaatey they lekin American Revolution ke dauran 17 ghulaam bhaag gaye jis main 14 mard they aur 3 aurtey.

George Washington ke family cook Hercules aur Martha Washington ki personal maid Ona Jundge bhaagne main kaamyab huey. Lekin abhi bhi hum agar dekhey toh Domestic slaves hi azaadi ke liye palaayan kar rahe they woh is liye kyoun ki Domestic slaves ko slaves hotey huey bhi kuch azaadi thi jisse unhe mauka mil jaata tha bhaagne ka aur American Revolution ke dauran toh bahut saare mauke miley.

Lekin kuch log palaayan hone main naakam rahe jaise Christopher Sheels yeh ek Domestic slave they aur personal assistant bhi they George Washington ke inhone apni fiance ke saath bhaagne ki koshish ki lekin naakam rahey, aur baad main inhe iski saza mrutyudand main mili.

7 - Slaves ne Alag Method Apnaaya Virodh ke Liye

Jaise humne padha ki kai salves palaayan kar jaatey they jis main se kuch hi successful hotey they aur zyaada tar log naakam rehtey they aur pakde jaatey they aur iski saza sirf Maut thi. Toh slaves ko yeh laga ki yaha se bhaagna risky hai is liye unhone alag taraha se virodh karna shuru kar diya jisse Slave owners ko pata na chal paaye.

Slaves ne kuch aise methods apnaaye virodh ke liye jo less noticeable ho jaise ki, beemar padna, slow kaam karna, kharaab kaam karna, tools ko unki jagha per na rakhna, ya phir unhe tod dena aur phir kehna ki yeh toh galti se toot gaya.

Slaves ne yeh method is liye apnaayi kyoun ki unko lagta tha ki isse tang ho kar Britishers hume ghulaami main se azaad kare dengey lekin woh galat they.

Britishers ko is virodh ki bhanak lagi lag gayi aur Slaves per chori ke ilzaam lagaaye gaye jis main khaane peene se lekar har tahar ke tools churaane ke ilzaam in per lagey.

8 - George Washington ne Slaves ko Azaad kar Diya

George Washington ne marne se kuch mahine pehley apni vasihat likhi jis main unhone likha ki mere jitne bhi slaves hai unhe main azaad karta hu, matalb sirf inke hi slaves jo inhone khud kahride they woh slaves nahi jo inhko as gift Martha Washington ki taraf se miley they.

Kyoun ki kanoon ke mutaabiq naahi George Washington aur naahi Martha Washington Custis Slaves ko azaad kar saktey they. Aur 1802 mian jab Martha Washington ki death hui toh unn slaves ko Martha ke Grandchildren main divide kar diye gaye.

Toh is tahra se George Washington pehley aise president baney jinone apne saare slaves ko azaad kar diya aur unhone yeh bhi maana ki yeh jo pratha hai woh khatam honi chaiyeh.

Aur 1865 aatey aatey Abraham Lincoln ne Slavery ki pratha ko khatam kiya aur saare slaves azaad ho gaye, unhe unke sab tahar ke adhikaar miley unko ek nayi pehchaan mil United States main.

Slaves per bahut acchi movie bhi bani hai 12 years of slavery zaroor dekhiyega.

Toh yeh tha mera post George Washington aur unke Slaves ke baare main accha laga ho toh share zaroor kar dijyega.